Keratoconus is a degenerative, non-inflammatory eye disease in which the cornea becomes thinner at some point and takes a conical shape. Keratoconus can lead to severe vision loss. Most of the time, patients complain of photophobia, double vision, spot on the picture.
The disease is the most common form of corneal dystrophy. The keratoconus affects about one in a thousand people, regardless of nationality and place of residence. The diagnosis is usually made during adolescence and the most serious stage of the disease reaches twenty to thirty years of age.
Until now, the keratoconus remains still a little studied as a disease, its causes are vague, and it is not possible to predict the course of the disease and the diagnosis. With the development of the keratoconus in both eyes, a person may lose his or her ability to drive a car and even read texts printed in a traditional font.
Almost never keratoconus does not lead to complete blindness and in most cases, vision can be greatly improved with the help of contact lenses. In the past, the treatment of almost all stages of the keratoconus was done by corneal transplantation.
Nowadays this intervention is only in the very serious forms of illness. Today’s modern ophthalmology has new methods of treatment such as collagen cross-linking alone or in combination with refractive laser.
In our center the keratoconus is treated with:
- Glasses and contact lenses (Soft, Hard, Hybrid or Scleral): They can be used in the early stages of the disease. The revolutionary technology of hybrid contact lenses (hard in the center and soft in the periphery) has given high vision especially to patients with keratoconus.
- Corneal cross-linking with the latest Avedro technology. Corneal Cross-Linking (CXL) is a corneal strengthening process in which riboflavin (vitamin B2) is instilled under the influence of controlled ultraviolet radiation. This revolutionary breakthrough in keratoconus treatment is a non-invasive and non-incisional treatment that reshapes the cornea without removing tissue. Avedro technology is the method of accelerated collagen interfacing that allows it to be done quickly and without complications such as burns and pain.
- Lasik Xtra: a combination of Laser with Corneal cross-linking.
- Corneal Rings: which are semicircular rings that are placed into the corneal thickness and are designed to enhance and flatten the surface of the cornea.